Despite coming into the final day in Adelaide with hopes of victory, England once again wilted under pressure as they collapsed from 176-4 to 233 all out.
However, despite the disappointing manner of the defeat, England will take solace from the bowling performance’s of Chris Woakes and James Anderson, with the latter claiming his first ever five wicket haul in Australia.
England must now focus on the third test in Perth, with the third test at the Waca becoming their final chance to get themselves back into the series.
Here are the best images from the second test in Adelaide.
Cameron Bancroft was the first wicket to fall in the second test, after being run-out for 10 by Chris Woakes.
Steve Smith is bowled by Craig Overton for 40 as the Somerset bowler claimed his maiden test wicket.
Shaun Marsh celebrates after scoring a century as Australia took control on the second day.
Alastair Cook trudges off after being dismissed by Nathan Lyon as his miserable start to the tour continued.
Pat Cummins claims the wicket of Dawid Malan as England collapsed to 102-5 in their first innings.
Play continues under lights in the first ever day/night Ashes test match.
Chris Woakes successfully appeals for lbw against Australian captain Steve Smith as the home side collapsed in their second innings.
Moeen Ali congratulates James Anderson after the Lancashire bowler took his first five wicket haul in Australia.
Josh Hazlewood celebrates after taking the vital wicket of Joe Root on the final morning in Adelaide.
Mitchell Starc celebrates taking the final England wicket of Jonny Bairstow as Australia wrapped up a 120 run victory.